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Biography of Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar 2023

Biography of Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar 2023

Biography of Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar 2023

|| Biography of Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar ||

Biography of Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar 2023 The original name of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar was Bhimrao. His father, Shri Ramji Vald Maloji Sakpal, was a military officer in the rank of Major Subedar. He and his wife Bhimabai spent the last year of their service in a barrack at the site of the birthplace memorial at Kali Paltan. Bhimrao was born here at 12 noon on the day of April 14 in 1891, when Ramji Subedar was on his duty. The initial period of the child was disciplined in the lap of Kabir Panthi father and Dharmapramayan mother.

|| Social and Religious Contribution ||

| Human rights such as Dalits and Dalit tribals entering the temple, drinking water, eradicating social untruths like untouchability, caste-caste, och-neech, Manusmriti Bhava (1927), Mahabharata (year 1928), Nasikata (year 1930), Thevala’s roar ( The year 1935). During the years 1927 to 1956 queried five weekly and patan pamphlets called Mookek, Excluded India, Samata, Janata and Prabuddha Bharat to awaken the beleaguered, the exploited and the uneducated. Enabling students from weaker sections to study and earn income through hostels, night schools, libraries and educational activities through their Dalit Class Education Society (Est. 1924). In 1945, through his People’s Education Society, he established the Siddharth College in Mumbai and the Milind College in andanga. Intellectual, scientific, ego, Buddhism with Indian culture took initiation in Nagpur on 14 October 1956 with 5 lakh people and continued growth with his final treatise “The Buddhaishika His Dhamma” which revives Buddhism in India. . Paved the way. His treatise entitled Caste Elimination to his address prepared for the session of Jat Pant Todak Mandal (year 1937), Lahore, served to liberate Indian society from the myth, superstition and superstition prevalent in the scriptures. Through the provision of divorce, inheritance in property, etc. through the Hindu Bill Code, he can struggle for life for its implementation.|
| Balak Bhimrao’s primary education took place in Dapoli and Satara. He passed the matriculation examination in 1907 from the Elphinstone School in Bombay. A reception was organized on the occasion and as a gift, his teacher Shri Krishnaji Arjun Keluskar presented him with a written book ‘Buddha Charitra’. Having received the fellowship of Baroda King Sayaji Rao Gaekwad, Bhimrao passed his graduation from the University of Mumbai in 1912. Due to being forbidden to read Sanskrit, he passed with Persian.|

|| London School of Economics and Political Science ||

| He was to return to India at the end of the fellowship, so he was returning via Britain. He did his M.Sc. in London School of Economics and Political Science there. And registered himself for the degree of Bar-at-Law in D.Sc and Law Institute and returned to India. First of all, according to the condition of scholarship, he accepted the responsibility of military officer and financial advisor in the court of the King of Baroda. He returned to Mumbai after some time due to the serious problem of not being ready to hire him in the entire city.|

|| London School of Economics and Political Science ||

| He was to return to India at the end of the fellowship, so he was returning via Britain. He did his M.Sc. in London School of Economics and Political Science there. And registered himself for the degree of Bar-at-Law in D.Sc and Law Institute and returned to India. First of all, according to the condition of scholarship, he accepted the responsibility of military officer and financial advisor in the court of the King of Baroda. He returned to Mumbai after some time due to the serious problem of not being ready to hire him in the entire city. | Read More...

|| D. Litt. Awarded honorary titles of ||

| Babasaheb Dr. Ambedkar received LL.D. from Columbia University and D.L.T. from Osmania University. Was awarded honorary titles of In this way, Dr. Ambedkar became an inspiration for the global youth as he was named BA, MA, MSc, PhD, Barrister, DSC, D.Litt. Adi has a total of 26 titles.|

|| Dalit representation ||

| There he lived his life with his wife Ramabai, part time teacher and advocate for completing his incomplete studies by staying in Dubak Chawl and Shramik Colony in Parel. In 1919, Dr. Ambedkar gave evidence in favor of Dalit representation in politics before the Southborough Commission set up for political reform.|

|| Work to make the illiterate and poor people aware ||

| To create awareness for the mute and illiterate and poor people, he edited the silent and excluded India weekly magazines, and to complete his incomplete studies, he went to London and Germany and went to M.Sc., D.Sc., and Barrister. Received the degrees The research topic of his M.Sc. was the analytical study of the reciprocal decentralization of imperial finance, and the subject of his D.Sc degree was the origin and remedy of the rupee and the history of Indian practice and banking.|

|| Education, Social Security and Labor Welfare ||

| As a Minister of Labor in the Viceroy’s Council, for the welfare of the workers, from 12 hours to 8 hours, equal work equal pay, maternity leave, paid leave, Employees State Insurance Scheme, Health Protection, Employees Provident Fund Act 1952 In the 1937 Mumbai Presidency election, he won 15 of the 17 seats by forming the Swatantra Mazdoor Party for the interests of the workers and weaker sections and directly participating in power. Under the Employees State Insurance, health, leisure, crippling assistance, compensation for accidental loss while working and many other protective facilities were included in labor welfare. He was instrumental in passing the Security Amendment Bill of 1944 to the daily allowance to employees, facility to leisure to irregular employees, review of salary category of employees, provident fund, coal mines and workers working in mica mining. In 1946, he laid the foundation of labor welfare policy from residence, water supply, education, recreation, cooperative management etc. and started the Indian Labor Conference which is still going on continuously, in which the burning issues of workers are discussed every year in the presence of the Prime Minister. And efforts are made to resolve it. It was formed in January 1944 by forming an advisory committee for the implementation of the Labor Welfare Fund. The Indian Statistical Act was passed to make rules related to the condition of labor, daily wages, other sources of income, inflation, credit, housing, employment, deposit capital and other fund and labor disputes. On November 8, 1943, by activating the Indian Workers Act pending since 1926, he proposed the Indian Labor Union Amendment Bill and strictly enforced the labor union. Health Insurance Scheme, Provident Fund Act, Factory Amendment Act, Workers Disputes Act, Minimum Wages Act and Legal Handling Acts were enacted for the welfare of workers.|

|| Constitution and Nation Building ||

| He prepared the Indian Constitution based on equality, equality, fraternity and humanity with hard work of 02 years 11 months and 17 days and handed over the then President Dr. Rajendra Prasad on 26 November 1949 to all the citizens of the country for national unity, integrity and individual The culture of dignity overwhelmed the Indian culture. In 1951, he tried to get the Hindu Code of Women Empowerment passed and, if not passed, resigned as the first law minister of independent India. In the year 1955, by publishing his treatise on linguistic states, it was proposed to reorganize Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra into small and manageable states, which came true in some states after 45 years. Election Commission, Planning Commission, Finance Commission, Uniform Civil Hindu Code for Women, State Reorganization, Organizing Large Size States into Small Size, Directive Principles of State Policy, Fundamental Rights, Human Rights, Comptroller and Auditor General, Election Commissioner And formulated strong social, economic, educational and foreign policy strengthening the political structure. In order to strengthen democracy, the three organs of the state made the judiciary, the executive and the legislature independent and separate and introduced the elements of one person, one vote and one value in accordance with equal civil rights. The constitution ensured the participation of people of scheduled castes and tribes in the legislature, executive and judiciary and paved the way for participation in any kind of legislatures like gram panchayat, zilla panchayat, panchayat raj etc. in future. Along with cooperative and collective farming, nationalization of available land, establishing state ownership on land and keeping public primary enterprises like banking, insurance etc. undertakings strongly recommended under state control and employing unemployed workers dependent on small agricultural holdings. He recommended industrialization to provide more opportunities.|

|| Economic, Financial and Administrative Contribution ||

| The Reserve Bank of India was established in India from 1935 on the basis of the research problem written by Dr. Ambedkar – its origin and remedy and the history of Indian practice and banking, texts and his evidence before the Hilton Young Commission. The Finance Commission was established in the country on the basis of his second research treatise ‘Development of Provincial Finance in British India’. The idea of ​​increasing yields, sustainable electricity and water supply through cooperative farming in agriculture. Industrial development, water harvesting, irrigation, increasing the productivity and income of laborers and farmers, cultivating collective and cooperative development, establishing a socialist republic dominated by state ownership of land and nationalization. In 1945, he examined the multipurpose suitability of the management of Mahanadi, multipurpose economic policies of hydropower and industrialization for the country such as linking of rivers and drains, Hirakud Dam, Damodar Valley Dam, Son River Valley Project, National Waterways, Central Water and Power Authority Paved the way for making. The proposal of Central Waterways and Irrigation Commission proposed in 1944 was approved by the Viceroy on 4 April 1945 and proposed to implement the techniques of large dams in India. He presented a network structure of a strong technical organization for the development of India. He paved the way for water management and development and natural resources to be used meaningfully in the service of the country.|

|| Struggle against untouchability ||

| Ambedkar said “untouchability is worse than slavery”. [27] Ambedkar was educated by the princely state of Baroda, and was therefore obliged to serve him. He was appointed the military secretary of Maharaja Gaekwad, but due to caste discrimination he had to leave this job in no time. He described the incident in his autobiography, Waiting for a Visa. [28] Subsequently, he retried to find a means of livelihood for his growing family, for which he worked as an accountant, and as a private teacher. Also worked, and established an investment consulting business, but all of these efforts failed when his clients discovered they were untouchables. [29] In 1918, he was a member of Political Economics at Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics in Mumbai. Become a professor. Although he was successful with the students, other professors objected to sharing the pot of drinking water with him.

Ambedkar, as a prominent scholar of India, was invited to testify before the Southborough Committee, preparing the Government of India Act 1919. During this hearing, Ambedkar advocated a separate electorate and reservation for Dalits and other religious communities. [31] In 1920, from Bombay, he began the publication of the weekly Mooknayak. This publication soon became popular among readers, when Ambedkar used it to criticize the reluctance of orthodox Hindu politicians and the Indian political community to fight caste discrimination. The speech given during a conference of his Dalit class greatly influenced the local ruler of Kolhapur state Shahu IV, who had a meal in the conservative society with Ambedkar.

While practicing law in the Bombay High Court, he made efforts to promote and uplift the education of untouchables. Their first organized effort was the establishment of the Central Institute of Excluded Hitakarini Sabha, which aimed to promote education and socio-economic reform as well as the welfare of the “boycott” referred to as depressed classes. [33] To protect Dalit rights , He authored five magazines such as Mooknayak, Bahishkrit Bharat, Samata, Enlightened India and Janata. [34]

In 1925, he was appointed to serve in the Simon Presidency with all European members in the Bombay Presidency Committee. [35] Protests took place across India in protest against this commission. While its report was ignored by most Indians, Ambedkar sent a separate recommendation for future constitutional reforms.

By 1927, Dr. Ambedkar decided to start a comprehensive and active movement against untouchability. He struggled to get untouchables the right to enter Hindu temples as well, through public movements, satyagrahs and processions, to open public resources of drinking water to all sections of society. He also launched a satyagraha in Mahad city to empower the untouchable community to take water from the city’s Chavdar pond. [38] In late 1927 conference, Ambedkar ideologically justified caste discrimination and “untouchability”, The ancient Hindu text, Manusmriti, whose many verses openly support ethnic discrimination and casteism, [39] publicly condemned it, and formally lit copies of the ancient text. [40] On 25 December 1927, he Burned copies of Manusmriti led by thousands of followers. [41] [42] [43] In its memory, Manusmriti is celebrated as Ambaankarists and Hindu Dalits every year on 25 December as Manusmriti Dahan Day.|

|| The books ||

| Administration and Finances of the East India Company (MA’s thesis)
The Evolution of Provincial Finances in British India (Thesis of Ph.D., 1917, published in 1925)
The Problem of the Rupeey: Its Origin and its Solution (Thesis of DSC, published in 1923)
Annihilation of casts (destruction of caste system) (May 1936)
Which way to imitation (May 1936)
Federation v. Freedom (1936)
Pakistan and the Partition of India / Thoughts on Pakistan (1940)
Ranade, Gandhi and Jinnah (1943)
Mr. Gandhi and the Emancipation of the Untouchables (September 1945)
What Congress and Gandhi Have Done to the Untouchables? (June 1945)
Communal deadlock and a way to salve it (May 1946)
Who Were The Shudraz? (October 1946)
Criticism of the proposals of the Cabinet Mission for changes in the Indian Constitution, with reference to their impact on the Scheduled Tribes (untouchables) (1946)
The Cabinet Mission and the Entouchables (1946)
States and Minorities (1947)
Maharashtra as a linguistic province state (1948)
The Untouchables: Who Were They Why the Bikam Untouchables (October 1948)
Thoughts on the Linguistic States: Criticism of the proposals of the State Reorganization Commission (published 1955)
The Buddha and His Dhamma (Lord Buddha and His Dhamma) (1957)
Riddles in Hinduism
Dictionary of Pali Language (Pali-English)
The Pali Grammar (Pali Grammar)
Waiting for a Visa (Autobiography) (1935–1936)
A people at bay
The Untouchables and the Children of India’s Ghettos
Can I be a Hindu?
What the brahmins have done to the hindus
Issage of Bhagavad Gita
India and Communism
Revolution and Counter-Revolution in Ancient India
The Buddha and Karl Marx (Buddha and Karl Marx)
Read More…

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